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Neuroprotective effect of atypical antipsychotics in cognitive and non-cognitive behavioral impairment in animal models.
作者:本站   来源:本站整理   发布时间:2010-08-18 09:55:32
 

Cell Adh Migr. 2009 Jan-Mar;3(1):129-37. Epub 2009 Jan 13.

Neuroprotective effect of atypical antipsychotics in cognitive and non-cognitive behavioral impairment in animal models.

He J, Kong J, Tan QR, Li XM.

Department of Psychiatry, Xijing Hospital, The Fouth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Abstract

Antipsychotic drugs are divided into two groups: typical and atypical. Recent clinical studies show atypical antipsychotics have advantages over typical antipsychotics in a wide variety of neuropsychiatric conditions, in terms of greater efficacy for positive and negative symptoms, beneficial effects on cognitive functioning, and fewer extra pyramidal side effects in treating schizophrenia. As such, atypical antipsychotics may be effective in the treatment of depressive symptoms associated with psychotic and mood disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder and psychosis in Alzheimer disease. In this paper, we describe the effects and potential neurochemical mechanisms of action of atypical antipsychotics in several animal models showing memory impairments and/or non-cognitive behavioral changes. The data provide new insights into the mechanisms of action of atypical antipsychotics that may broaden their clinical applications.

 
 
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